Monday, August 22, 2016

How to Calculate Income from House Property

Income from house property is defined as the income earned from a property by the assessee. House property includes the building itself and any land attached to the building. Property refers to any building (house, office building, warehouse, factory, hall, shop, auditorium, etc.) and/or any land attached to the building (compound, garage, garden, car parking space, playground, gymkhana, etc.). There are many intricacies and types of house property which is calculated in different ways. Taxability may not necessarily be on actual rent or income received. If the property is not let out, the tax will be charged on the potential income the property is capable of yielding.

Before learning how to compute income from house property, it is important to understand the terminology.
Annual Value: This is the capacity of a property to earn income is its annual value.
Municipal Value: This is the value of your property as evaluated by municipal authorities on which they charge municipal tax. Municipal authorities have a host of factors that they consider before assigning a municipal value.
Fair Rental Value: The rent which a similar property with similar features in the same (or similar) area would fetch is the fair rental value.
Standard Rent: Under the Rent Control Act, a standard rent is fixed and owners cannot receive rent higher than that specified in the Rent Control Act. This Act ensures that owners are paid fair rent, tenants are not exploited and are protected from eviction.
Actual Rent received/receivable: This is the actual amount received by the owner from the tenant as rent, depending on who pays the water, electricity and other utility bills.
Gross Annual Value (GAV): This is the highest among:
Rent received or receivable
Fair Market Value
Municipal Valuation

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