Monday, August 22, 2016

Graves' disease treatment

Most people who have Graves' disease have some symptoms of hyperthyroidism. A doctor will likely perform a physical exam as well as additional tests to help make a final diagnosis. These can include:
Thyroid function tests
Radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU)
Antibody tests

There are three main treatment options. Beta-blockers, which block the action of the thyroid hormone, are given.

Two antithyroid medicine drugs are used in the U.S: methimazole and propylthiouracil. They help to keep the thyroid from making too much thyroid hormone.

Radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment requires patients to swallow a pill that contains a form of iodine that damages the thyroid with radiation. By damaging thyroid cells, less thyroid hormones are made.

In some cases, surgery is recommended where most of the thyroid is removed.
Written by Brian Wu

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